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Author Style Guide


Manuscript submissions to Language & Law should follow APA style (American Psychological Society, 5th edition). This style specifies a standard format for citations, references, punctuation order, and other features. Additional information is available here.

All legal references should be in the most common citation format used in the jurisdiction in question. The references themselves appear in the endnotes, not the list of references. Thus, “In Miranda v. Arizona the United States Supreme Court required police to issue a warning before interrogating suspects.”[place endnote number here] [in the endnote itself: 384 U.S. 436 (1966)]

Another example: “Police in the United States are required police to issue a warning before interrogating suspects.”[place endnote number here] [in the endnote itself: Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966)]

In addition, please observe the following:

  • Do not number sections. To distinguish levels of heading, use 14pt bolded font for Level 1, 12pt bolded font for Level 2, 12pt italicized font for Level 3, and 12pt italicized font followed by a period and the text of the subsection starting on the same line for Level 4. Level 1-3 section headings should use Title Case, and Level 4 section headings should use Sentence case.
  • Use endnotes, not footnotes.
  • Use plain quotation marks ("x" or 'x'), rather than smart quotes.
  • Use double quotation marks (“x”) for quotations within the running text. Quotations of more than 3 lines should be set off as quote paragraphs and should not be enclosed in quotation marks.
  • Quotations inside quotations should be enclosed in single quotation marks (‘x’).
  • Emphasis should be marked by italics (not bold face, underlining, or capitals) and should be used sparingly.
  • Acronyms should be written out in full when they are first presented.
  • Table and figure labels should appear under their respective tables and figures.
  • Avoid very wide tables and figures, as these cannot be accommodated in our display formats.
  • Avoid very long article titles, as these do not display attractively in our online interface (we reserve the right to abbreviate long titles in the sidebar).
  • Please do not use Endnote or other reference software when preparing your manuscript. What about using the endnote feature embedded in Word?
  • You may follow either U.S. or British English spelling conventions, but be consistent in whichever you use.
  • Include an abstract of 100-150 words with your final manuscript submission.


Spelling Conventions for Internet-Related Terms:

The following spellings are used in Language & Law (please note use/non-use of capitalization and hyphens): computer-mediated communication, email, homepage, Internet, offline, online, web, web page, weblog (or blog), website, World Wide Web.

Formatting Examples in Languages Other than English:

  • Translations must be provided for all non-English examples.
  • Translations in glosses and in the body text should be enclosed in single quotation marks (‘x’).
  • Italics should be used for non-English examples within the body text and in indented/numbered examples: e.g. B├╝cherwurm (‘bookworm’).
  • If morpheme-by-morpheme glosses are provided, please format them as in the following Russian example:
  • (1) My s Marko poexa -l -I avtobus -om v Peredelkino.
    we with Marko go -PST -PL bus -by to Peredelkino.
    'Marko and I went to Peredelkino by bus.'
  • Special characters should be expressed in Arial Unicode MS.